Modeling, Control and Regenerative Brakingof BLDC Machines in Electric Bycicles
The autonomy of electric vehicles is under investigation by the scientific community,in which different solutions based on renewable energy resources, such as the photovoltaic, areproposed. A solution under study is the utilization of regenerative braking developed by theelectric motor vehicles. In this work, the addition of a regenerative braking is proposed aimingto increase the autonomy of electric bicycles. A two level, three-phase converter is applied todrive a brushless DC motor (BLDC). A comprehensive modeling of current and speed control arepresented in order to operate the machine in quadrants I and IV. The behavior of the Lithiumbattery charge is observed through its state-of-charge (SOC). Simulation results were obtainedby means of the SimPowerSystemsR©/Matlab/SimulinkR©software.