Microgrid System Design Based on Model Based Systems Engineering: the Case Study in the Amazon Region
Microgrid is a technically and economically viable opportunity to meet the demands of populations that, for various reasons, do not have access to electricity. The complexity of Smart Grid (SG) systems requires considerable engineering effort in the design process. Designing this type of complex system requires new approaches, methods, concepts and engineering tools. Where, requirements analysis plays a major role in better characterizing, understanding and specifying the domain of application that SG systems should solve. This work presents a systemic proposal based specifically on System Systems (SoS) which anticipates the formalization of requirements, aiming to understand, analyze and design SG within the scope of Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE). The definition of a microgrid from the SoS perspective is presented in order to provide a complete view of its life cycle. Requirements would be represented in an Objective Oriented Requirements Engineering (GORE) approach, specifically using visual diagrams based on the Keep All Objectives Satisfied (KAOS) method, where network operation and control will be formally represented. A case study for small communities in the equatorial Amazon forest is used as a case study for the proposed method.