OPF-based Active Network Management Strategy for Distribution Networks with High Penetration of Distributed Generation
This paper presents a near real-time strategy for Active Network Management (ANM) considering distribution networks with high penetration of Distributed Generation (DG). It is built upon a centralized framework and availability of a broad communication infrastructure. Generation curtailment level of Medium Voltage (MV), residential and commercial-scale Photovoltaic (PV) systems are considered as control variables to manage voltage and asset loading levels in MV and Low-Voltage (LV) distribution networks through a three-phase unbalanced Non-Linear (NL) Optimum Power Flow (OPF) algorithm. The effectiveness of the strategy in maintaining the regulatory operational levels, its robustness and the effect of the processing and communication delays are assessed by simulating a real Brazilian network with 788 control elements.