Otimização por Enxame de Partículas Aplicada à Alocação Ótima de TCSC em Linhas de Transmissão Congestionadas
Keywords: Congestions, Alocation, TCSC, PSO, FPORS
AbstractThe power flow dynamics resulting from transmission lines charging has the potential to create nomadic congestion points, resulting in a power distribution that does not meet the requirements of economic optimality. In this context, the allocation of Thyristor Controlled Series Compensator (TCSC) plays a key role in mitigating these congestions. However, the number of possible options for allocating the compensator in a large porter system apresents a large-scale combinatorial problem. This study seeks to investigate the strategic allocation of TCSC in congested transmission lines through the application of a metaheuristic PSO (Particle Swarm Otimization), so that the Security Constrained Optimal Power Flow (FPORS) is guaranteed both in normal operation conditions and in simple network contingencies. Tests performed on the IEEE-30 and IEEE-300 systems demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.