Correlação entre Geração Distribuída e Fatores Sociais no Brasil Utilizando Conjuntos Fuzzy
Keywords: correlation coefficient, distributed generation, fuzzy, poverty, social indicators
AbstractDue to the potential for photovoltaic solar energy, the growth of distributed generation has advanced in Brazilian recent decades. Government incentive policies are also reasons for this expansion. As a reflex, we can mention the increase in direct and indirect jobs, which reflects in the economy, improving aspects of society and social indicators. These indicators can be translated into an economic and social characteristic known as poverty, a multidimensional measure, having different levels. Due to this characteristic of uncertainties, poverty can be described by the theory of fuzzy sets. In this way, in this work, a fuzzy poverty index was built taking into account 17 different social indicators, which together describe development, quality of life and poverty. With this index and possessing the installed power data from the distributed generation, suitable for the nebulous set, a correlation study between the two variables was carried out. For this, four cases were considered, with regional and state data in two different periods (2013 and 2021), in order to verify the correlation. In possession of the results, an analysis was carried out, showing the existence of the correlation.