A Regulação Brasileira de Geração Distribuída Aplicada em Diferentes Estados e Distribuidoras
Keywords: Distributed power Generation, energy consumption, energy resources, power system economics, power generation economics, electricity supply industry regulation, governmental factors
AbstractThis article presents the state of the art of distributed generation (DG) regulation in Brazil. For this, a critical study will be carried out on the interpretation of regulation by distributors in the Southeast region of Brazil. We highlight the differences between the connection processes, the taxes levied on the energy tariff and on the TUSD (tariff for the use of the distribution system) of customers with DG and the collection of a minimum consumption of 100 kWh. This study portrays how the different views and interpretations of regulation affect the market, both for customers and for companies in the energy business. As support for the assessment will be used energy bills from consumers with distributed generation from three different power suppliers located in the states of Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, and São Paulo. In this way, a more assertive and comparative analysis will be presented, based on the premise of the current regulation of the Brazilian electricity sector in 2021. As a result, the existence of different interpretations of the regulatory standards between the EPD was verified. Two out of three studied EPD charge tax on the TUSD portion of the energy tariff, one of the distributors does not inform in its invoice the customer's energy credits and one distributor requires the physical delivery of all documentation necessary for the connection process.